Crawford – Stark Home

This Eastlake Victorian home was built in 1891 for James F. Crawford, a lumberman.

James F. Crawford bought the land for this home in April of 1891 for $2,000. It cost approximately $5,000 to build. The extensive decorative work was created by Albert Kuna, an immigrant from Bohemia. The home was originally painted light lime on the upper level and the lower level was a darker olive green.

James Crawford  was born on April 26, 1841 in Ralls County, Missouri. He served in the Confederate Army for a time during the Civil War. He served under Colonel Brace, but was captured and put in a St. Louis prison for ten weeks. He was eventually released after making an oath not to take up arms again. In 1867, he joined Stark, Barnett, and Co. who ran Pike County Nurseries in Louisiana. He worked for them for six years before moving to Vandalia, Missouri where he was a member of the firm Canter & Crawford. In 1879, he opened a lumberyard there.

James F. Crawford married Margaret D. Barnett, daughter of Joseph and Mary Fry Barnett, on October 12, 1865. They had five children together: Ernest, born December 15, 1867; Homer, born February 19, 1870; Willie, born August 27, 1872, and died February 3, 1874; Mabel, born March 13, 1876; and Lillian born August 25, 1888 and died April 1, 1891. 1

Oldest Photo 1401.1

As you can see the upper level is covered with shingles of fish scales and diamonds. The carpentry work on the home was extensive. The following appeared in the Louisiana Press Journal on April 7, 1891:

Shingles
JF Crawford

Another notable resident of this home was William Pharr Stark. He was the third son of William Watts Stark and Cynthia Eliza Pharr born March 16, 1862. As an adult he joined his brothers, Edgar and Clarence, working at Stark Bros. Nursery. He started as an office manager and worked his way up to being the treasurer. Working with his older brothers caused some problems.

William Pharr Stark

In 1911, amid a power struggle, he resigned from Stark Bros. As an act of retaliation he began his own nursery with his son William H. Stark. His retaliatory and often illegal business practices led to a lawsuit from his brother, Edgar Stark. Edgar sued him for trademark infringement. The case made it to the U.S. Supreme Court where Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered the court’s opinion. Edgar ultimately won, and William’s company was renamed Neosho Nurseries in 1921. Needless to say he was labeled the black sheep of the family. He only lasted at the company a few more years before he was ousted by the new owners. He moved out to the East Coast where he lived for the rest of his life with his former secretary Peachy Ransom (her real name). 2

The most famous resident of this home is Lloyd Crow Stark. It is named on the National Register of Historic Places as the Gov. Lloyd Crow Stark House and Carriage House.

Lloyd C. Stark 2

Lloyd Crow Stark was born to Clarence McDowell and Lilly Crow Stark on November 23, 1886. He attended the U. S. Naval Academy in Annapolis from 1904-1908. In 1911, he returned to Louisiana to serve as the Vice- President and General Manager of Stark Bros. Nursery. When WWI broke out, he resigned from Stark Bros. and applied for reinstatement as an officer in the Navy. Instead, he accepted an offer to teach field artillery at the First Officer’s Training Camp at Fort Meyer, Virginia. He later served as a Major in the 315th Field Artillery of the U.S. Army in France. 3

He married Margaret Pearson Stickney of Baltimore in 1908. She was the daughter of George Stickney and Lydia Pearson of Baltimore. They had two sons: Lloyd Stickney Stark, born September 20, 1909, and John Wingate Stark, born January 30, 1916. Margaret died on October 12, 1930 from an intestinal obstruction. November 23, 1931, Lloyd married Katherine Louisa Perkins the daughter of Albert Thompson Perkins and Eva LeMoine of St. Louis, Missouri. Their daughters were Mary , born in 1933, and Katherine, born in 1934 and Susan born October 14, 1938 and passed away October 23, 1938.

Lloyd Stark’s political career began when he sought the governorship of Missouri in 1936. He was endorsed by Tom Pendergast, the political boss of Kansas City. He is remembered for calling upon the people of Missouri to “Clean up the unholy alliance of politics and crime in this state.” He attempted to oust Harry Truman in the Democratic Primary for one of Missouri’s Senate seats. He lost the primary and at the end of his term as governor, he returned to Louisiana to live on his family’s apple orchard. He died on September 17, 1972 and was buried in the Riverview Cemetery. 4

The home took on a notably different look at some point prior to Lloyd Stark winning the Missouri Governorship in 1937. The home is painted totally white in the exposé on Governor Stark in the April 24, 1931 Life magazine.

Govenors house

By the early 1970s the many plantings around the house were hiding it away but, the house remained white.

summer white corner
Winterwhite

By the mid 1980s Anita Ludwig has purchased the house. She gives the house a new look and works hard to get it listed on the National Register of Historic Places and Missouri ‘s Historic Register.

Mine

The interior of the home today:

1. History of Callaway County, Missouri. 1884.
2. Louisiana Press Journal. 2016. “The Wily William P.”
3. Terry, Dickson. 1966. “The Stark Story: Stark Nurseries 150th Anniversary.” The Stark Story: Stark Nurseries 150th Anniversary. St. Louis, MO: Missouri Historical Society.
4. New York Times. 1972. “Ex-Governor L.C. Stark Dead,” September 18.
%d bloggers like this: